UDC 552.1:553.411
V. Mykhailov, Dr. Sci., Prof. Dean of the Geological FacultyTaras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv90 Vasylkivska Str., Kyiv, 03022 Ukraine E-mail: vladvam@gmail.com
V. Guliy, Dr. Sci., Prof. Head of the Department of PetrographyIvan Franko National University of Lviv4 Grushevs'kogo Str., Lviv, 79005 Ukraine E-mail: vgul@ukr.net
O. Kovtun, Head of laboratoryUkrainian State Geological Research Institute (UkrSGRI) 78-A Avtozavodska Str. Kyiv, 04114 Ukraine E-mail: kovtun85@ukr.net
V. Sydorchuk, postgraduate studentGeological FacultyTaras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv90 Vasylkivska Str., Kyiv, 03022 Ukraine E-mail: sydvit@gmail.com
Yu. Nakonechna, PhD, Assistant Prof.
of the Foreign Languages Department (Natural Sciences Faculties) Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv90 Vasylkivska Str., Kyiv, 03022 Ukraine E-mail: y.nakonechna21@gmail.com
THE MORPHOLOGY AND COMPOSITION OF LIBERIA PLACER GOLD
(Reviewed by the editorial board member V. Zagnitko) Due to civil war in Liberia, which lasted from 1989 to 2003, the geological study of the country was suspended, and became pos-sible only after its end. That is why today, Liberia has no specific geological zoning of the gold-bearing regions. The morphology ofgold of Liberia is examined very poorly, and Soviet literature paid no attention to studying this issue.This article is devoted to the study of morphological forms of gold from different regions of the Republic of Liberia.The main ob-jectives of the morphological analysis are to distinguish the main morphological types of gold of the country and their origin and to identify possible ways of placer formation. For achieving more accurate results, roentgenospectrographic and roentgen-fluorescentanalyses were carried out. The comparative analysis of the morphological features and the fineness of gold was held in eight re-gions: Kolahum, Magua, Konia and Zeya in the northern part of the country, Solo and Eastern in its southern part, Soso in the west-ern part, and Timbo in the central part of Liberia. Different types of the gold under study were distinguished according to their morphological features which may indicate their genesis. Well-flattening of grains indicates either a large distance of the transportation of the material, or the fact that the gold has
been reworked from nearby local paleoplacers. In the case of the Magua area, considering a large variety of shapes, sizes and the
mineral composition of the gold grains, its gold can be of two genetic types: 1) paleoplacer gold, the closest analogue of which is Tarkva deposit in Ghana; 2) indigenous gold, related to ferruginous quartzites, where laterite crusts of weathering are developed.
As a result of the roentgenospectrographic (electron microprobe) analysis of gold from different regions, it was found that all
of the analysed grains have gold content close to 100%. Due to the results of the analysis, we can affirm that all the samples, except of the sample number 142 are of typical metallic composition of gold, which represent the geochemical features of this
element. Sample number 142 is distinguished by its anomalous silver content, which reaches 16.7%.